Xah Math Blog Archive 2016-03 to 2016-05

Peg solitaire

solitaire puzzle marbles set
buy! Authentic Models Solitaire Di Venezia 20mm Semi-Precious Marbles


in my youth, i studied this game and lots similar ones. You can search wikipedia for math and books. The name is peg solitaire. Here: Peg solitaire.

You begin with a configuration where there's a hole in the center, while all other are filled with marbles (or called pegs). You can remove a peg by jumping one over it. The goal is to leave just 1 peg on the board.

[• The Involute of a Cubical Parabola By John Baez. At https://johncarlosbaez.wordpress.com/2016/03/22/the-involute-of-a-cubical-parabola/ , Accessed on 2016-05-14 ]

[• The Capricornoid By John Baez. At https://johncarlosbaez.wordpress.com/2016/03/06/the-capricornoid/ , Accessed on 2016-05-14 ]

Free Calculus Textbooks

Why Are Text Book So Expensive?

Geometer's Sketchpad Closed Shop? Now, Free Download!

Interactive Geometry of Plane Curves

real rose

Plane Curves: GeoGebra Files Index

update complete. There are 60 of them. Enjoy!

Interactive Geometry of Plane Curves

following are interactive geometry of plane curves.

They are GeoGebra software. Google no longer supports Java Applets. I'm updating them to html5 so they run in your browser. There are about 50 more to do, i'll be posting them in next few days. Hope you like them.

plane tiling mathematica 2016-05-04 35001
Plane Tiling Mathematica package.

been working on Geometry: Plane Tiling Mathematica Package

for illustration at the Nature of Associative Property of Algebra

barth sextic mapped to sphere-s

beautiful images of Barth Sextic

The Symmetries of Things by John H. Conway (Author), Heidi Burgiel (Author), Chaim Goodman-Strauss (Author) Buy at amazon

John H Conway's new old book

math art: islamic pattern metal sphere

cubical two point pattern metal sphere Craig S Kaplan
“cubical two point pattern metal sphere” by Craig S Kaplan. Buy at http://www.shapeways.com/product/Y26YZRL3Y/cubical-two-point-pattern
islamic geometry pattern z
islamic geometry pattern 〈Tending toward the convex〉 [• Tending toward the convex By Craig S Kaplan.. At http://isohedral.ca/tending-toward-the-convex/ , Accessed on 2016-04-04 ]

Craig S Kaplan is a expert at mathematical decorative patterns. You can find more of his work on his site at http://isohedral.ca/

Computer Generated Islamic Star Patterns By Craig S Kaplan. At http://vismath4.tripod.com/kaplan/index.html

visual proofs is such that we have to artfully distribute the errors all over, so that in the limit, the error disappears!

Rectified Truncated Icosahedron and Elongated Square Gyrobicupola

John Baez again, from which i learned about the term “rectification” (of regular polyhedron), and also read what's archimedean solid, and learned about this strange beast Elongated square gyrobicupola.

the Elongated square gyrobicupola is interesting, besides the name, because

It is sometimes considered to be an Archimedean solid, because its faces consist of regular polygons that meet in the same pattern at each of its vertices. However, unlike the rest of the Archimedean solids, it lacks a set of global symmetries that take every vertex to every other vertex.

see Baez's article here: [• Rectified Truncated Icosahedron By John Baez. At http://blogs.ams.org/visualinsight/2016/04/01/rectified_truncated_icosahedron/ , Accessed on 2016-04-01 ]

by the way, i highly recommend this software KaleidoTile. See Great Math Software: Polyhedrons and Polytopes

Find Intersections of Lines. Bentley–Ottmann Algorithm

In computational geometry, the Bentley–Ottmann algorithm is a sweep line algorithm for listing all crossings in a set of line segments. Wikipedia Bentley–Ottmann algorithm

beautiful internactive demo (JavaScript) by Adam Pearce http://bl.ocks.org/1wheel/464141fe9b940153e636

Prime Number's Ending Digit, Probability

Soundararajan was drawn to study consecutive primes after hearing a lecture at Stanford by the mathematician Tadashi Tokieda, of the University of Cambridge, in which he mentioned a counterintuitive property of coin-tossing: If Alice tosses a coin until she sees a head followed by a tail, and Bob tosses a coin until he sees two heads in a row, then on average, Alice will require four tosses while Bob will require six tosses (try this at home!), even though head-tail and head-head have an equal chance of appearing after two coin tosses.

[• Mathematicians Discover Prime Conspiracy. A previously unnoticed property of prime numbers seems to violate a longstanding assumption about how they behave. By Erica Klarreich. At https://www.quantamagazine.org/20160313-mathematicians-discover-prime-conspiracy/ , Accessed on 2016-03-15 ]

see also

Free Good Category Theory Book

Mathematician John Baez, and expert of category theory (and quantum mechanics), has a blog about it his course of category theory, at http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/qg-winter2016/

in particular, he highly recommend this free book on category theory.

Emily Riehl, Category Theory in Context, 2014. Emily_Riehl__Category_Theory_in_Context_2014.pdf

Google AI AlphaGo vs Lee Sedol

Combinatorics, Algorithm, and Humanity

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