Chapter 28  The graphics library

The graphics library provides a set of portable drawing primitives. Drawing takes place in a separate window that is created when Graphics.open_graph is called.

Unix:   This library is implemented under the X11 windows system. Programs that use the graphics library must be linked as follows:
        ocamlc other options graphics.cma other files
For interactive use of the graphics library, do:
        ocamlmktop -o mytop graphics.cma
        ./mytop
or (if dynamic linking of C libraries is supported on your platform), start ocaml and type #load "graphics.cma";;.

Here are the graphics mode specifications supported by Graphics.open_graph on the X11 implementation of this library: the argument to Graphics.open_graph has the format "display-name geometry", where display-name is the name of the X-windows display to connect to, and geometry is a standard X-windows geometry specification. The two components are separated by a space. Either can be omitted, or both. Examples:

Graphics.open_graph "foo:0"
connects to the display foo:0 and creates a window with the default geometry
Graphics.open_graph "foo:0 300x100+50-0"
connects to the display foo:0 and creates a window 300 pixels wide by 100 pixels tall, at location (50,0)
Graphics.open_graph " 300x100+50-0"
connects to the default display and creates a window 300 pixels wide by 100 pixels tall, at location (50,0)
Graphics.open_graph ""
connects to the default display and creates a window with the default geometry.
Windows:   This library is available both for standalone compiled programs and under the toplevel application ocamlwin.exe. For the latter, this library must be loaded in-core by typing
        #load "graphics.cma";;

The screen coordinates are interpreted as shown in the figure below. Notice that the coordinate system used is the same as in mathematics: y increases from the bottom of the screen to the top of the screen, and angles are measured counterclockwise (in degrees). Drawing is clipped to the screen.