Here are some variables that can be used to alter the default completion behavior.
The value of this variable is a list of completion style (symbols) to
use for performing completion. A completion style is a set of
rules for generating completions. Each symbol occurring this list
must have a corresponding entry in
This variable stores a list of available completion styles. Each element in the list has the form
(style try-completion all-completions doc)
Here, style is the name of the completion style (a symbol),
which may be used in the
completion-styles variable to refer to
this style; try-completion is the function that does the
completion; all-completions is the function that lists the
completions; and doc is a string describing the completion
The try-completion and all-completions functions should
each accept four arguments: string, collection,
predicate, and point. The string, collection,
and predicate arguments have the same meanings as in
try-completion (see Basic Completion Functions), and the point
argument is the position of point within string. Each function
should return a non-
nil value if it performed its job, and
nil if it did not (e.g., if there is no way to complete
string according to the completion style).
When the user calls a completion command like
minibuffer-complete (see Minibuffer Commands that Do Completion), Emacs looks
for the first style listed in
completion-styles and calls its
try-completion function. If this function returns
Emacs moves to the next listed completion style and calls its
try-completion function, and so on until one of the
try-completion functions successfully performs completion and
returns a non-
nil value. A similar procedure is used for
listing completions, via the all-completions functions.
See Completion Styles in The GNU Emacs Manual, for a description of the available completion styles.
This variable specifies special completion styles and other completion
behaviors to use when completing certain types of text. Its value
should be an alist with elements of the form
. alist). category is a symbol describing what is being
completed; currently, the
unicode-name categories are defined, but others can be defined
via specialized completion functions (see Programmed Completion).
alist is an association list describing how completion should
behave for the corresponding category. The following alist keys are
The value should be a list of completion styles (symbols).
The value should be a value for
(see Completion Options in The GNU Emacs Manual) for this
Additional alist entries may be defined in the future.
This variable is used to specify extra properties of the current completion command. It is intended to be let-bound by specialized completion commands. Its value should be a list of property and value pairs. The following properties are supported:
The value should be a function to add annotations in the completions
buffer. This function must accept one argument, a completion, and
should either return
nil or a string to be displayed next to
the completion. Unless this function puts own face on the annotation
suffix string, the
completions-annotations face is added by
default to that string.
The value should be a function to add prefixes and suffixes to
completions. This function must accept one argument, a list of
completions, and should return a list of annotated completions. Each
element of the returned list must be a three-element list, the
completion, a prefix string, and a suffix string. This function takes
The value should be a function to run after performing completion.
The function should accept two arguments, string and
status, where string is the text to which the field was
completed, and status indicates what kind of operation happened:
finished if text is now complete,
sole if the text
cannot be further completed but completion is not finished, or
exact if the text is a valid completion but may be further