Here are the Lisp facilities for working with coding systems:
coding-system-list&optional base-only ¶
This function returns a list of all coding system names (symbols). If
base-only is non-
nil, the value includes only the
base coding systems. Otherwise, it includes alias and variant coding
systems as well.
This function returns
t if object is a coding system
This function checks the validity of coding-system. If that is
valid, it returns coding-system. If coding-system is
nil, the function returns
nil. For any other values, it
signals an error whose
This function returns the type of end-of-line (a.k.a. eol)
conversion used by coding-system. If coding-system
specifies a certain eol conversion, the return value is an integer 0,
1, or 2, standing for
respectively. If coding-system doesn’t specify eol conversion
explicitly, the return value is a vector of coding systems, each one
with one of the possible eol conversion types, like this:
(coding-system-eol-type 'latin-1) ⇒ [latin-1-unix latin-1-dos latin-1-mac]
If this function returns a vector, Emacs will decide, as part of the
text encoding or decoding process, what eol conversion to use. For
decoding, the end-of-line format of the text is auto-detected, and the
eol conversion is set to match it (e.g., DOS-style CRLF format will
dos eol conversion). For encoding, the eol conversion is
taken from the appropriate default coding system (e.g.,
default value of
buffer-file-coding-system), or from the default eol conversion
appropriate for the underlying platform.
coding-system-change-eol-conversioncoding-system eol-type ¶
This function returns a coding system which is like coding-system
except for its eol conversion, which is specified by
eol-type should be
nil. If it is
nil, the returned coding system determines
the end-of-line conversion from the data.
eol-type may also be 0, 1 or 2, standing for
coding-system-change-text-conversioneol-coding text-coding ¶
This function returns a coding system which uses the end-of-line
conversion of eol-coding, and the text conversion of
text-coding. If text-coding is
nil, it returns
undecided, or one of its variants according to eol-coding.
find-coding-systems-regionfrom to ¶
This function returns a list of coding systems that could be used to encode a text between from and to. All coding systems in the list can safely encode any multibyte characters in that portion of the text.
If the text contains no multibyte characters, the function returns the
This function returns a list of coding systems that could be used to
encode the text of string. All coding systems in the list can
safely encode any multibyte characters in string. If the text
contains no multibyte characters, this returns the list
This function returns a list of coding systems that could be used to encode all the character sets in the list charsets.
check-coding-systems-regionstart end coding-system-list ¶
This function checks whether coding systems in the list
coding-system-list can encode all the characters in the region
between start and end. If all of the coding systems in
the list can encode the specified text, the function returns
nil. If some coding systems cannot encode some of the
characters, the value is an alist, each element of which has the form
(coding-system1 pos1 pos2 …), meaning
that coding-system1 cannot encode characters at buffer positions
pos1, pos2, ....
start may be a string, in which case end is ignored and the returned value references string indices instead of buffer positions.
detect-coding-regionstart end &optional highest ¶
This function chooses a plausible coding system for decoding the text from start to end. This text should be a byte sequence, i.e., unibyte text or multibyte text with only ASCII and eight-bit characters (see Explicit Encoding and Decoding).
Normally this function returns a list of coding systems that could
handle decoding the text that was scanned. They are listed in order of
decreasing priority. But if highest is non-
nil, then the
return value is just one coding system, the one that is highest in
If the region contains only ASCII characters except for such
ISO-2022 control characters ISO-2022 as
ESC, the value is
(undecided), or a variant specifying
end-of-line conversion, if that can be deduced from the text.
If the region contains null bytes, the value is
even if the region contains text encoded in some coding system.
detect-coding-stringstring &optional highest ¶
This function is like
detect-coding-region except that it
operates on the contents of string instead of bytes in the buffer.
If this variable has a non-
nil value, null bytes are ignored
when detecting the encoding of a region or a string. This allows the
encoding of text that contains null bytes to be correctly detected,
such as Info files with Index nodes.
If this variable has a non-
nil value, ISO-2022 escape sequences
are ignored when detecting the encoding of a region or a string. The
result is that no text is ever detected as encoded in some ISO-2022
encoding, and all escape sequences become visible in a buffer.
Warning: Use this variable with extreme caution,
because many files in the Emacs distribution use ISO-2022 encoding.
This function returns the list of character sets (see Character Sets) supported by coding-system. Some coding systems that support too many character sets to list them all yield special values:
See Process Information, in
particular the description of the functions
how to examine or set the coding systems used for I/O to a subprocess.