Normally, each frame has its own minibuffer window at the bottom, which
is used whenever that frame is selected. You can get that window with
minibuffer-window (see Minibuffer Windows).
However, you can also create a frame without a minibuffer. Such a frame
must use the minibuffer window of some other frame. That other frame
will serve as surrogate minibuffer frame for this frame and cannot
be deleted via
delete-frame (see Deleting Frames) as long as
this frame is live.
When you create the frame, you can explicitly specify its minibuffer
window (in some other frame) with the
minibuffer frame parameter
(see Buffer Parameters). If you don’t, then the minibuffer is found
in the frame which is the value of the variable
default-minibuffer-frame. Its value should be a frame that does
have a minibuffer.
If you use a minibuffer-only frame, you might want that frame to raise
when you enter the minibuffer. If so, set the variable
t. See Raising, Lowering and Restacking Frames.