A Lisp program can pop up a menu so that the user can choose an alternative with the mouse. On a text terminal, if the mouse is not available, the user can choose an alternative using the keyboard motion keys—C-n, C-p, or up- and down-arrow keys.
This function displays a pop-up menu and returns an indication of what selection the user makes.
The argument position specifies where on the screen to put the top left corner of the menu. It can be either a mouse button event (which says to put the menu where the user actuated the button) or a list of this form:
((xoffset yoffset) window)
where xoffset and yoffset are coordinates, measured in pixels, counting from the top left corner of window. window may be a window or a frame.
If position is
t, it means to use the current mouse
position (or the top-left corner of the frame if the mouse is not
available on a text terminal). If position is
means to precompute the key binding equivalents for the keymaps
specified in menu, without actually displaying or popping up the
The argument menu says what to display in the menu. It can be a
keymap or a list of keymaps (see Menu Keymaps). In this case, the
return value is the list of events corresponding to the user’s choice.
This list has more than one element if the choice occurred in a
submenu. (Note that
x-popup-menu does not actually execute the
command bound to that sequence of events.) On text terminals and
toolkits that support menu titles, the title is taken from the prompt
string of menu if menu is a keymap, or from the prompt
string of the first keymap in menu if it is a list of keymaps
(see Defining Menus).
Alternatively, menu can have the following form:
(title pane1 pane2...)
where each pane is a list of form
(title item1 item2...)
Each item should be a cons cell,
(line . value),
where line is a string and value is the value to return if
that line is chosen. Unlike in a menu keymap, a
value does not make the menu item non-selectable.
Alternatively, each item can be a string rather than a cons
cell; this makes a non-selectable menu item.
If the user gets rid of the menu without making a valid choice, for
instance by clicking the mouse away from a valid choice or by typing
C-g, then this normally results in a quit and
x-popup-menu does not return. But if position is a mouse
button event (indicating that the user invoked the menu with the
mouse) then no quit occurs and
Usage note: Don’t use
x-popup-menu to display a menu
if you could do the job with a prefix key defined with a menu keymap.
If you use a menu keymap to implement a menu, C-h c and C-h
a can see the individual items in that menu and provide help for them.
If instead you implement the menu by defining a command that calls
x-popup-menu, the help facilities cannot know what happens inside
that command, so they cannot give any help for the menu’s items.
The menu bar mechanism, which lets you switch between submenus by
moving the mouse, cannot look within the definition of a command to see
that it calls
x-popup-menu. Therefore, if you try to implement a
x-popup-menu, it cannot work with the menu bar in
an integrated fashion. This is why all menu bar submenus are
implemented with menu keymaps within the parent menu, and never with
x-popup-menu. See The Menu Bar.
If you want a menu bar submenu to have contents that vary, you should
still use a menu keymap to implement it. To make the contents vary, add
a hook function to
menu-bar-update-hook to update the contents of
the menu keymap as necessary.
A normal hook run immediately before a pop-up menu is displayed,
either directly by calling
x-popup-menu, or through a menu
keymap. It won’t be called if
x-popup-menu returns for some
other reason without displaying a pop-up menu.