Some sites use a method called POP3 for accessing users’ inbox data
instead of storing the data in inbox files. The Mailutils
movemail by default supports POP3 with TLS encryption.
Warning: Although the
Emacs movemail supports POP3,
its use for this is not recommended since it does not support encrypted
connections—the Mailutils version does.
Both versions of
movemail work only with POP3, not with
older versions of POP.
You can specify
a POP3 inbox by using a POP3 URL (see
movemail program). A POP3
URL is of the form
hostname and port are the host name (or IP address)
and port number of the remote mail
server and username is the user name on that server.
Additionally, you may specify the password in the mailbox URL:
‘pop://username:password@hostname:port’. In this
case, password takes preference over the one set by
rmail-remote-password (see below). This is especially useful
if you have several remote mailboxes with different passwords.
If using Mailutils
movemail, you may wish to use
‘pops’ in place of ‘pop’.
For backward compatibility, Rmail also supports an alternative way of
specifying remote POP3 mailboxes. Specifying an inbox name in the form
‘po:username:hostname:port’ is equivalent to
‘pop://username@hostname:port’. If you omit the
:hostname part, the
MAILHOST environment variable specifies
the machine on which to look for the POP3 server.
Another method for accessing remote mailboxes is IMAP. This method is
supported only by the Mailutils
movemail. To specify an IMAP
mailbox in the inbox list, use the following mailbox URL:
password part is optional, as described above. You may wish to
use ‘imaps’ in place of ‘imap’.
Accessing a remote mailbox may require a password. Rmail uses the following algorithm to retrieve it:
nil, Rmail assumes no password is required.
nil, its value is used.
On some mail servers the usernames include domain information, which
can mean they contain the ‘@’ character. The inbox specifier
string uses ‘@’ to signal the start of the mailserver name.
This creates confusion for movemail. If your username contains
‘@’ and you’re using Mailutils
movemail then you can
fix this: Replace
@ in the user name with its URL
If you need to pass additional command-line flags to
set the variable
rmail-movemail-flags a list of the flags you
wish to use. Do not use this variable to pass the ‘-p’ flag to
preserve your inbox contents; use
movemail program installed at your site may support
Kerberos authentication. If it is supported, it is used by default
whenever you attempt to retrieve POP3 mail when
Some POP3 servers store messages in reverse order. If your server does
this, and you would rather read your mail in the order in which it was
received, you can tell
movemail to reverse the order of
downloaded messages by adding the ‘-r’ flag to
movemail supports TLS encryption. If you wish to
use it, add the ‘--tls’ flag to