Windows Notes and Todo

By Xah Lee. Date: ,

On Windows Vista Home Premium edition, how to format a USB drive to NTFS?

Can probably be done by the command “format”. Need to study its options.

How to set a app so it runs only single process? (➢ for example: like Windows Mail, games, Second Life.)

There's no general way.

How to remove a menu item apps added to Explorer? For example, i want to remove the contextual menu “Add to Windows media player list”.


How to add my own contextual menu item?


How to make a app auto start when the machine starts?

Open the folder at C:\Users\xah\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup. Then, create a link to the app in that folder.

How to stop some background process that starts Windows starts?

Press 【❖ Win+r】 to start the run dialog, then type “msconfig” to launch System Configuration.

What are some standard log files? In particular, when Windows froze or crash, where can i check logs?

Start Control Panel, Administrative Tools, Computer Management tool, then System Tools, Event Viewer.

When in a browser, i drag a image to a folder to save it. However, when the folder already has the image of the same name, Windows pops up a dialogue asking you whether to over-write it. Is there a way to just have Windows save the file with a new name with number appended? (➢ for example: like OS X.)

there's no general way. Try a differetn browser.

Is there a page that lists all control panel apps with their command line program names?


Here's a temp list to be added as i go:

How to disable the contextual menu for drives in SendTo in Explorer?

Type 【❖ Win+r】 to launch the run dialog. Then, type regedit.exe to launch the registry edit. Then, go to this location HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer. If it doesn't exist, create it under the menu 〖Edit ▸ New ▸ Key〗. Then, create a DWORD value by the menu 〖Edit ▸ New ▸ DWORD〗. Then, double click the value and enter the value of “1”. Now, exit the registry edit then relog into your account.

When pressing 【Ctrl+Alt+f】, it starts Microsoft File Transfer Manager. How to disable this key?

See: Disable Ctrl+Alt+S Shortcut for HP Support Information, PC Doctor

When opening a Windows help file (.chm) downloaded from the web, Vista will popup a dialog saying that this is a potential security risk. You can open it anyway by just clicking the Open button. I want to open the file, however, the source is not a trusted source. Is there a way to check if the file actually contains malware code before i open? Or, can i set somewher to turn off scripting when launching chm file?

The following info does not answer my question.

See: Viewing Downloaded CHM Files by Rob Caron

MS05-026: A vulnerability in HTML Help could allow remote code execution

Security Update for HTML Help released today by Assistance Platform Team Blog.

Often, Vista has these strings:


the above are dir names showing up in c:/$Recycle.Bin:. Sometimes i see similar string when viewing a file's property under security Tab as users, lasting for a second or 2. What are these?