PowerShell: Path Filename Functions

By Xah Lee. Date: . Last updated: .

Check Folder / File Existence


return true if file/folder exist. [PowerShell: True, False (boolean)]

# check if file/folder exist
test-path c:/ProgramData/
# True
# check if exist and is folder
test-path c:/ProgramData/ -PathType container
# True
# check if exist and is file
test-path c:/ProgramData/ -PathType leaf
# False

Get Dir Path, File Name, File Extension

Split-Path -Parent path

return the dir part of path

# dir part
(Split-Path -Parent "C:/a/b/ff.jpg")
# C:\a\b
Split-Path -Leaf path

return just the file name.

# file name
(Split-Path -Leaf "C:/a/b/ff.jpg")
# ff.jpg
Split-Path -Extension path

return the file extension.

(Split-Path -Extension "C:/a/b/ff.jpg")
# .jpg
Split-Path -LeafBase path

return the file name sans extension.

# file core name
(Split-Path -LeafBase "C:/a/b/ff.jpg")
# ff
Split-Path -NoQualifier path

remove driver letter.

(Split-Path -NoQualifier "C:/a/b/ff.jpg")
# /a/b/ff.jpg
Split-Path -Qualifier path

get driver letter.

(Split-Path -Qualifier "C:/a/b/ff.jpg")
# C:

Join Path

This is useful in scripting. It frees you from worrying if the dir path ends in a slash.

join-path "a" "b"
# a\b

join-path "a/" "b"
# a\b

join-path "a" "/b"
# a\b

# duplicate separater
join-path "a/" "/b"
# a\b

# repeated separater are not removed
join-path "a/" "//b"
# a\\b

# drive path
join-path "c:" "b"
# c:\b

join-path "c:/" "/b"
# c:\b

Save and Restore Current Dir

These are useful in interactive use as well as in script.

Push-Location (alias pushd)

Save current dir to a stack.

Pop-Location (alias popd)

Restore (pop) dir from stack.

PowerShell Path