PowerShell: Path Filename Functions

By Xah Lee. Date: . Last updated: .

Check folder/file existence

return true if file/folder exist. [PowerShell: True/False (boolean)]
# check if file/folder exist
test-path c:/Users/xah/web
# check if exist and is folder
test-path c:/Users/xah/web -PathType container
# check if exist and is file
test-path c:/Users/xah/web -PathType leaf

get dir path, file name, file extension

Split-Path -Parent path
return the dir part of path
Split-Path -Leaf path
return just the file name. e.g. "cat.jpg"
Split-Path -Extension path
return the file extension. e.g. ".jpg"
Split-Path -LeafBase path
return the file name sans extension.
$x = "c:/Users/xah/web/xahlee_info/powershell/powershell_path.html"

# dir part
Split-Path -Parent $x
# c:\Users\xah\web\xahlee_info\powershell

# file name part
Split-Path -leaf $x
# powershell_path.html

# file core name part
Split-Path -leafbase $x
# powershell_path

Split-Path -extension $x
# .html

Split-Path -Qualifier $x
# c:

Split-Path -NoQualifier $x
# /Users/xah/web/xahlee_info/powershell/powershell_path.html

Join Path

This is useful in scripting. It frees you from worrying if the dir path ends in a slash.

join-path "a" "b"
# a\b

join-path "a/" "b"
# a\b

join-path "a" "/b"
# a\b

# duplicate separater
join-path "a/" "/b"
# a\b

# repeated separater are not removed
join-path "a/" "//b"
# a\\b

# drive path
join-path "c:" "b"
# c:\b

join-path "c:/" "/b"
# c:\b

save and restore current dir

These are useful in interactive use as well as in script.

Save current dir to a stack. (alias pushd)
Restore (pop) dir from stack. (alias popd)

PowerShell Path