HTML/XML Entity List

By Xah Lee. Date: . Last updated: .

This page is a complete list of HTML/XML named entities.

A HTML “entity” basically means a way to display a character without having the character itself.

For example, if a entity name is “rarr”, you can type it by → and it'll display in browser as .

The purpose of entities, is so you can have characters that's not on your keyboard nor on any character set encoding you are using, such as ©. (Note: in 1990s, Unicode is not popular yet. Today, you shoud just declare your page as utf-8 and insert any unicode character directly. [see HTML: Character Sets and Encoding] )

Character entity references for markup-significant and internationalization characters

  1. nbsp (invisible) → no-break space = non-breaking space, U+00A0
  2. iexcl ¡ → inverted exclamation mark, U+00A1
  3. cent ¢ → cent sign, U+00A2
  4. pound £ → pound sign, U+00A3
  5. curren ¤ → currency sign, U+00A4
  6. yen ¥ → yen sign = yuan sign, U+00A5
  7. brvbar ¦ → broken bar = broken vertical bar, U+00A6
  8. sect § → section sign, U+00A7
  9. uml ¨ → diaeresis = spacing diaeresis, U+00A8
  10. copy © → copyright sign, U+00A9
  11. ordf ª → feminine ordinal indicator, U+00AA
  12. laquo « → left-pointing double angle quotation mark = left pointing guillemet, U+00AB
  13. not ¬ → not sign, U+00AC
  14. shy (invisible) → soft hyphen = discretionary hyphen, U+00AD
  15. reg ® → registered sign = registered trade mark sign, U+00AE
  16. macr ¯ → macron = spacing macron = overline = APL overbar, U+00AF
  17. deg ° → degree sign, U+00B0
  18. plusmn ± → plus-minus sign = plus-or-minus sign, U+00B1
  19. sup2 ² → superscript two = superscript digit two = squared, U+00B2
  20. sup3 ³ → superscript three = superscript digit three = cubed, U+00B3
  21. acute ´ → acute accent = spacing acute, U+00B4
  22. micro µ → micro sign, U+00B5
  23. para → pilcrow sign = paragraph sign, U+00B6
  24. middot · → middle dot = Georgian comma = Greek middle dot, U+00B7
  25. cedil ¸ → cedilla = spacing cedilla, U+00B8
  26. sup1 ¹ → superscript one = superscript digit one, U+00B9
  27. ordm º → masculine ordinal indicator, U+00BA
  28. raquo » → right-pointing double angle quotation mark = right pointing guillemet, U+00BB
  29. frac14 ¼ → vulgar fraction one quarter = fraction one quarter, U+00BC
  30. frac12 ½ → vulgar fraction one half = fraction one half, U+00BD
  31. frac34 ¾ → vulgar fraction three quarters = fraction three quarters, U+00BE
  32. iquest ¿ → inverted question mark = turned question mark, U+00BF
  33. Agrave À → latin capital letter A with grave = latin capital letter A grave, U+00C0
  34. Aacute Á → latin capital letter A with acute, U+00C1
  35. Acirc  → latin capital letter A with circumflex, U+00C2
  36. Atilde à → latin capital letter A with tilde, U+00C3
  37. Auml Ä → latin capital letter A with diaeresis, U+00C4
  38. Aring Å → latin capital letter A with ring above = latin capital letter A ring, U+00C5
  39. AElig Æ → latin capital letter AE = latin capital ligature AE, U+00C6
  40. Ccedil Ç → latin capital letter C with cedilla, U+00C7
  41. Egrave È → latin capital letter E with grave, U+00C8
  42. Eacute É → latin capital letter E with acute, U+00C9
  43. Ecirc Ê → latin capital letter E with circumflex, U+00CA
  44. Euml Ë → latin capital letter E with diaeresis, U+00CB
  45. Igrave Ì → latin capital letter I with grave, U+00CC
  46. Iacute Í → latin capital letter I with acute, U+00CD
  47. Icirc Î → latin capital letter I with circumflex, U+00CE
  48. Iuml Ï → latin capital letter I with diaeresis, U+00CF
  49. ETH Ð → latin capital letter ETH, U+00D0
  50. Ntilde Ñ → latin capital letter N with tilde, U+00D1
  51. Ograve Ò → latin capital letter O with grave, U+00D2
  52. Oacute Ó → latin capital letter O with acute, U+00D3
  53. Ocirc Ô → latin capital letter O with circumflex, U+00D4
  54. Otilde Õ → latin capital letter O with tilde, U+00D5
  55. Ouml Ö → latin capital letter O with diaeresis, U+00D6
  56. times × → multiplication sign, U+00D7
  57. Oslash Ø → latin capital letter O with stroke = latin capital letter O slash, U+00D8
  58. Ugrave Ù → latin capital letter U with grave, U+00D9
  59. Uacute Ú → latin capital letter U with acute, U+00DA
  60. Ucirc Û → latin capital letter U with circumflex, U+00DB
  61. Uuml Ü → latin capital letter U with diaeresis, U+00DC
  62. Yacute Ý → latin capital letter Y with acute, U+00DD
  63. THORN Þ → latin capital letter THORN, U+00DE
  64. szlig ß → latin small letter sharp s = ess-zed, U+00DF
  65. agrave à → latin small letter a with grave = latin small letter a grave, U+00E0
  66. aacute á → latin small letter a with acute, U+00E1
  67. acirc â → latin small letter a with circumflex, U+00E2
  68. atilde ã → latin small letter a with tilde, U+00E3
  69. auml ä → latin small letter a with diaeresis, U+00E4
  70. aring å → latin small letter a with ring above = latin small letter a ring, U+00E5
  71. aelig æ → latin small letter ae = latin small ligature ae, U+00E6
  72. ccedil ç → latin small letter c with cedilla, U+00E7
  73. egrave è → latin small letter e with grave, U+00E8
  74. eacute é → latin small letter e with acute, U+00E9
  75. ecirc ê → latin small letter e with circumflex, U+00EA
  76. euml ë → latin small letter e with diaeresis, U+00EB
  77. igrave ì → latin small letter i with grave, U+00EC
  78. iacute í → latin small letter i with acute, U+00ED
  79. icirc î → latin small letter i with circumflex, U+00EE
  80. iuml ï → latin small letter i with diaeresis, U+00EF
  81. eth ð → latin small letter eth, U+00F0
  82. ntilde ñ → latin small letter n with tilde, U+00F1
  83. ograve ò → latin small letter o with grave, U+00F2
  84. oacute ó → latin small letter o with acute, U+00F3
  85. ocirc ô → latin small letter o with circumflex, U+00F4
  86. otilde õ → latin small letter o with tilde, U+00F5
  87. ouml ö → latin small letter o with diaeresis, U+00F6
  88. divide ÷ → division sign, U+00F7
  89. oslash ø → latin small letter o with stroke, = latin small letter o slash, U+00F8
  90. ugrave ù → latin small letter u with grave, U+00F9
  91. uacute ú → latin small letter u with acute, U+00FA
  92. ucirc û → latin small letter u with circumflex, U+00FB
  93. uuml ü → latin small letter u with diaeresis, U+00FC
  94. yacute ý → latin small letter y with acute, U+00FD
  95. thorn þ → latin small letter thorn, U+00FE
  96. yuml ÿ → latin small letter y with diaeresis, U+00FF

Character entity references for symbols, mathematical symbols, and Greek letters

Latin Extended-B

  1. fnof ƒ → latin small f with hook = function = florin, U+0192

Greek

  1. Alpha Α → greek capital letter alpha, U+0391
  2. Beta Β → greek capital letter beta, U+0392
  3. Gamma Γ → greek capital letter gamma, U+0393
  4. Delta Δ → greek capital letter delta, U+0394
  5. Epsilon Ε → greek capital letter epsilon, U+0395
  6. Zeta Ζ → greek capital letter zeta, U+0396
  7. Eta Η → greek capital letter eta, U+0397
  8. Theta Θ → greek capital letter theta, U+0398
  9. Iota Ι → greek capital letter iota, U+0399
  10. Kappa Κ → greek capital letter kappa, U+039A
  11. Lambda Λ → greek capital letter lambda, U+039B
  12. Mu Μ → greek capital letter mu, U+039C
  13. Nu Ν → greek capital letter nu, U+039D
  14. Xi Ξ → greek capital letter xi, U+039E
  15. Omicron Ο → greek capital letter omicron, U+039F
  16. Pi Π → greek capital letter pi, U+03A0
  17. Rho Ρ → greek capital letter rho, U+03A1
  18. Sigma Σ → greek capital letter sigma, U+03A3
  19. Tau Τ → greek capital letter tau, U+03A4
  20. Upsilon Υ → greek capital letter upsilon, U+03A5
  21. Phi Φ → greek capital letter phi, U+03A6
  22. Chi Χ → greek capital letter chi, U+03A7
  23. Psi Ψ → greek capital letter psi, U+03A8
  24. Omega Ω → greek capital letter omega, U+03A9
  1. alpha α → greek small letter alpha, U+03B1
  2. beta β → greek small letter beta, U+03B2
  3. gamma γ → greek small letter gamma, U+03B3
  4. delta δ → greek small letter delta, U+03B4
  5. epsilon ε → greek small letter epsilon, U+03B5
  6. zeta ζ → greek small letter zeta, U+03B6
  7. eta η → greek small letter eta, U+03B7
  8. theta θ → greek small letter theta, U+03B8
  9. iota ι → greek small letter iota, U+03B9
  10. kappa κ → greek small letter kappa, U+03BA
  11. lambda λ → greek small letter lambda, U+03BB
  12. mu μ → greek small letter mu, U+03BC
  13. nu ν → greek small letter nu, U+03BD
  14. xi ξ → greek small letter xi, U+03BE
  15. omicron ο → greek small letter omicron, U+03BF NEW
  16. pi π → greek small letter pi, U+03C0
  17. rho ρ → greek small letter rho, U+03C1
  18. sigmaf ς → greek small letter final sigma, U+03C2
  19. sigma σ → greek small letter sigma, U+03C3
  20. tau τ → greek small letter tau, U+03C4
  21. upsilon υ → greek small letter upsilon, U+03C5
  22. phi φ → greek small letter phi, U+03C6
  23. chi χ → greek small letter chi, U+03C7
  24. psi ψ → greek small letter psi, U+03C8
  25. omega ω → greek small letter omega, U+03C9
  26. thetasym ϑ → greek small letter theta symbol, U+03D1 NEW
  27. upsih ϒ → greek upsilon with hook symbol, U+03D2 NEW
  28. piv ϖ → greek pi symbol, U+03D6

General Punctuation

  1. bull → bullet = black small circle, U+2022
  2. hellip → horizontal ellipsis = three dot leader, U+2026
  3. prime → prime = minutes = feet, U+2032
  4. Prime → double prime = seconds = inches, U+2033
  5. oline → overline = spacing overscore, U+203E NEW
  6. frasl → fraction slash, U+2044 NEW

Letterlike Symbols

  1. weierp → script capital P = power set = Weierstrass p, U+2118
  2. image → blackletter capital I = imaginary part, U+2111
  3. real → blackletter capital R = real part symbol, U+211C
  4. trade → trade mark sign, U+2122
  5. alefsym → alef symbol = first transfinite cardinal, U+2135 NEW

Arrows

  1. larr → leftwards arrow, U+2190
  2. uarr → upwards arrow, U+2191
  3. rarr → rightwards arrow, U+2192
  4. darr → downwards arrow, U+2193
  5. harr → left right arrow, U+2194
  6. crarr → downwards arrow with corner leftwards = carriage return, U+21B5 NEW
  7. lArr → leftwards double arrow, U+21D0
  8. uArr → upwards double arrow, U+21D1
  9. rArr → rightwards double arrow, U+21D2
  10. dArr → downwards double arrow, U+21D3
  11. hArr → left right double arrow, U+21D4

Mathematical Operators

  1. forall → for all, U+2200
  2. part → partial differential, U+2202
  3. exist → there exists, U+2203
  4. empty → empty set = null set = diameter, U+2205
  5. nabla → nabla = backward difference, U+2207
  6. isin → element of, U+2208
  7. notin → not an element of, U+2209
  8. ni → contains as member, U+220B
  1. prod → n-ary product = product sign, U+220F
  2. sum → n-ary sumation, U+2211
  3. minus → minus sign, U+2212
  4. lowast → asterisk operator, U+2217
  5. radic → square root = radical sign, U+221A
  6. prop → proportional to, U+221D
  7. infin → infinity, U+221E
  8. ang → angle, U+2220
  9. and → logical and = wedge, U+2227
  10. or → logical or = vee, U+2228
  11. cap → intersection = cap, U+2229
  12. cup → union = cup, U+222A
  13. int → integral, U+222B
  14. there4 → therefore, U+2234
  15. sim → tilde operator = varies with = similar to, U+223C
  16. cong → approximately equal to, U+2245
  17. asymp → almost equal to = asymptotic to, U+2248
  18. ne → not equal to, U+2260
  19. equiv → identical to, U+2261
  20. le → less-than or equal to, U+2264
  21. ge → greater-than or equal to, U+2265
  22. sub → subset of, U+2282
  23. sup → superset of, U+2283
  1. nsub → not a subset of, U+2284
  2. sube → subset of or equal to, U+2286
  3. supe → superset of or equal to, U+2287
  4. oplus → circled plus = direct sum, U+2295
  5. otimes → circled times = vector product, U+2297
  6. perp → up tack = orthogonal to = perpendicular, U+22A5
  7. sdot → dot operator, U+22C5

Miscellaneous Technical

  1. lceil → left ceiling = apl upstile, U+2308
  2. rceil → right ceiling, U+2309
  3. lfloor → left floor = apl downstile, U+230A
  4. rfloor → right floor, U+230B
  5. lang → left-pointing angle bracket = bra, U+2329
  6. rang → right-pointing angle bracket = ket, U+232A

Geometric Shapes

  1. loz → lozenge, U+25CA

Miscellaneous Symbols

  1. spades → black spade suit, U+2660
  2. clubs → black club suit = shamrock, U+2663
  3. hearts → black heart suit = valentine, U+2665
  4. diams → black diamond suit, U+2666

Character entity references for markup-significant and internationalization characters

C0 Controls and Basic Latin

  1. quot " → quotation mark = APL quote, U+0022
  2. amp & → ampersand, U+0026
  3. lt < → less-than sign, U+003C
  4. gt > → greater-than sign, U+003E

Latin Extended-A

  1. OElig Œ → latin capital ligature OE, U+0152
  2. oelig œ → latin small ligature oe, U+0153
  3. Scaron Š → latin capital letter S with caron, U+0160
  4. scaron š → latin small letter s with caron, U+0161
  5. Yuml Ÿ → latin capital letter Y with diaeresis, U+0178

Spacing Modifier Letters

  1. circ ˆ → modifier letter circumflex accent, U+02C6
  2. tilde ˜ → small tilde, U+02DC

General Punctuation

  1. ensp (invisible) → en space, U+2002
  2. emsp (invisible) → em space, U+2003
  3. thinsp (invisible) → thin space, U+2009
  4. zwnj (invisible) → zero width non-joiner, U+200C NEW RFC 2070
  5. zwj (invisible) → zero width joiner, U+200D NEW RFC 2070
  6. lrm (invisible) → left-to-right mark, U+200E NEW RFC 2070
  7. rlm (invisible) → right-to-left mark, U+200F NEW RFC 2070
  8. ndash → en dash, U+2013
  9. mdash → em dash, U+2014
  10. lsquo → left single quotation mark, U+2018
  11. rsquo → right single quotation mark, U+2019
  12. sbquo → single low-9 quotation mark, U+201A NEW
  13. ldquo → left double quotation mark, U+201C
  14. rdquo → right double quotation mark, U+201D
  15. bdquo → double low-9 quotation mark, U+201E NEW
  16. dagger → dagger, U+2020
  17. Dagger → double dagger, U+2021
  18. permil → per mille sign, U+2030
  19. lsaquo → single left-pointing angle quotation mark, U+2039
  20. rsaquo → single right-pointing angle quotation mark, U+203A
  21. euro → euro sign, U+20AC NEW

Reference

http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/sgml/entities.html

See also:

HTML Basics

  1. HTML Basics
  2. HTML5 Tags
  3. Case Sensitivity
  4. Allowed Characters
  5. Charset and Encoding
  6. Self-Closing Tags
  7. Multiple Class Value
  8. HTML/XML Entity List
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