Computer Keyboard Design Flaws

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The PC keyboard we use today, sucks big time. Let us count the ways.

generic PC keyboard
A Generic PC Keyboard.

PC keyboard we use is derived from the design of typewriters. The design of the typewriter itself, is largely concerned about getting the machine to actually work. Like most inventions, in the beginning the concern is just to get it to work. The concept of keyboarding ergonomics didn't come about or become popular after some 100 years.

Typewriter Hermes-s
A mechanical typewriter made by Hermes, showing hammer jam. This model is dated in around 1920. 3264×2448

Let's consider some examples:

Layout Problems

Let's Use Pinky for Important Keys

The ⌫ Backspace key, the Return ↩ key, are among the most frequently used special keys. However, they are placed in the most inconvenient spots, pressed by the weakest finger the pinky.

Note that originally, on a typewriter of 1800s, these keys are not that frequently used. The Return ↩ is only pressed once about every 80 chars (per line), while ⌫ Backspace is rarely used or doesn't exist. But with computers, these keys are some of the most frequently used.

Let's Make a Beehive

mechanical typewriter keyboard
Keys are staggered so that the levers underneath can fit nicely.
` 1 2 3 4 5   6 7 8 9 0 - =
   Q W E R T   Y U I O P [ ] \
    A S D F G   H J K L ; '
     Z X C V B   N M , . /

The vertical key column positions are jagged in irregularity. Look at 1 Q A Z. For the left hand, going from key D to E, your middle finger moves upward and in the direction of your pinky. But for right hand, going from K to I, your middle finger moves up in the direction of your thumb.

Let's Burden Right Pinky

The number of keys for the left/right hands are not symmetric.

` 1 2 3 4 5   6 7 8 9 0 - =
   Q W E R T   Y U I O P [ ] \
   A S D F G   H J K L ; '
   Z X C V B   N M , . /
Standard US layout without slant

In the above diagram, notice how the right side has 6 extra keys, operated by your stretched pinky. Especially bad for programers because we need to type the [ ] { } = + often.

Let's Slow Down Typists

Ever wonder why the letters are arranged that way? Look at the top row of your keyboard, you see: Q W E R T Y …. It's arranged that way so that frequent letter combinations are hard to type fast so that the key hammers won't jam!

Dvorak keyboard layout
Dvorak keyboard layout

Solution: Dvorak Keyboard Layout 〔➤ the Myth of Myth of QWERTY vs Dvorak Layout

Let Make the Spacebar Spacious

The Space bar, is huge, typically spanning 6 keys. It's a waste of efficient use of space. It's that way because it was a lever on mechanical type writers, and the habit stuck.

Many modern keyboards now split the space into 2 or more keys. see Tiny Space Bar on Japanese Keyboards and a list at Ergonomic Keyboards Reviews: How to Chose a Ergonomic Keyboard.

Hand Angle Issues

There are also issues of various hand angles, and hand separation.

keyboarding RSI ulnar deviation
Ulnar deviation = bending the wrist outward to the sides. (

Ulnar deviation is solved by split/ergonomic keyboards where the keys are separated into 2 groups.

keyboarding RSI forearm Pronation keyboarding RSI degrees of pronation
Forearm Pronation = rotating the forearm. (

Forearm Pronation is solved by split/ergonomic keyboards that are curved/tilted. 〔➤ Ergonomic Keyboards Reviews: How to Chose a Ergonomic Keyboard

and there's also wrist dorsiflexion, meaning bending up the palm. This happens when you use a thick keyboard that sits on a flat desk and your forearm rests on the desk surface. Especially bad when the keyboard's back legs are propped up. This is solved in several ways:

Remedies: Ergonomic Keyboards and Dvorak

Many ergonomic keyboards are popular today, and they fixes all these issues. The most popular are: Microsoft Natural Ergonomic Keyboard 4000, Microsoft Sculpt Ergonomic Keyboard Review, Kinesis Keyboard, Truly Ergonomic Keyboard. They fixed all of the above problems.

For many other ergonomic keyboards that fix these problems, see: Ergonomic Keyboards Reviews: How to Chose a Ergonomic Keyboard.

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