WolframLang: Symbol

By Xah Lee. Date: . Last updated: .

What is a Symbol

A symbol in WolframLang is similar to identifiers (example: variable names and function names) in Python/Java/JavaScript and other programing languages. Or, it is like lisp's symbol. [see ELisp: Symbol]

But WolframLang symbol can be held unevaluated, just as a inert name by itself. It need not have a value.

Any sequence of letters you type into wolfram lang become symbols.

For example:

xlist = {3, 4, b+1}
(* {3, 4, 1 + b} *)

(* b is a symbol. no value. stand for itself. *)

(* set a value for b *)
b = 99
(* 99 *)

(* {3, 4, 100} *)
(* b now has value. *)

another example:

xlist = Table[ {a, b}, {a, 1, 3} ]
(* {{1, b}, {2, b}, {3, b}} *)
(* b is a symbol. no value. stand for itself. *)

(* set a value for b *)
b = 99

{{1, 99}, {2, 99}, {3, 99}}
b now has value.

WolframLang code is essentially a sequence of symbols and operators, such as , [] () + - * / # & etc. [see WolframLang: Syntax, Operators Cheatsheet]

Some of the symbols, builtin or user-defined, has value. When a symbol has a value, the value automatically replaces the symbol. (or the function's return value replaces it.) This constitutes the heart of WolframLang computational model, a term-rewriting system.

Context of a Symbol (Namespace)

Create Symbol Programatically (Convert String to Symbol, Symbol to String)


Create a symbol, if not already exist.



return the symbol name.


List Existing Symbols


List existing symbols. The pattern string can include a asterisk to stand for any char or none.


(* list all symbols whose name contains String *)

Remove a symbol


Clear a Symbol's Value

Check If a Symbol Has Value


WolframLang Syntax