TRON Keyboard

By Xah Lee. Date: . Last updated: .

The TRON keyboard is developed by Professor Ken Sakamura, in 1987, as part of the TRON OS project.

[see TRON Operating System, TRON Encoding]

TRON keyboard 84978
TRON keyboard 84978 [image source twitter nillpo ]
TRON Keyboard Unit TK1 001 KeysUp-s1520x831
TRON TK1. 1900×1039 [image sourceファイル:TRON-Keyboard-Unit-TK1_001-KeysUp.jpg]
[source twitter nillpo]
BTRON prototype 1988 c6b7b
図1 1988年に公開されたBTRONパソコンの試作機 本誌1988年1月25日号から。
(Figure 1 Prototype of BTRON personal computer published in 1988 From the issue of January 25, 1988.)

First production unit of the TRON keyboard is TRON TK1, made from year 1991 to 1996. Used with NEC PC-9800 series personal computers that were very popular in Japan until early 1990.

TRON keyboard comes with its own input method for Japanese. It is design to input Japanese efficiently.

Note the English letters printed in front of keys. It is the Dvorak Keyboard Layout.

Press the 英语 (on left thumb area) to go to English mode. When in English mode, pressing the keys inserts English alphabets.

Press the 日本语 (on right thumb area) to go to Japanese (hiragana) mode. When in Japanese mode, pressing the keys inserts hiragana (Japanese phonetics).

Some interesting features:

• Special left thumb shift key (colored red ) and right thumb shift key (colored blue ). This triples a key's use. But, it also create the awkward hand strain when you need to press thumb and a key of the same hand.

• The number row contains curly quotes , and Asian brackets

[see Unicode: Brackets, Quotes «»「」【】《》]

TRON keyboard OKI front
TRON TK1 keyboard. image source 2560×1709

There is a gap between pinky column and little finger column. e.g. note the large gap between A and O. Same thing for the right hand on N and S. This seems strange.

Some references about the TRON keyboard design:

Sukerutoron ST-2000 TRON Keyboard

Second version of TRON keyboard, is Sukerutoron ST-2000. Year 2001. About 200 units are made.

Esrille New Keyboard skeletron and nisse-s307x204
Sukerutoron ST-2000 Keyboard

DIY Tron

tron keyboard df41c-s307x204
DIY Tron

Esrille New Keyboard

The Esrille New Keyboard is inspired from TRON.

Esrille keyboard M-system keyboard 2014-10-21
Esrille keyboard and M-system keyboard 〔source Shiki Okasaka

#新キーボード , NISSEとM式キーボード。

 日本語入力のため配列としてときどき紹介しているM式用のNEC製の純正のキーボード「楽々キーボード」とNISSEを並べて写真を撮ってみました。楽々キーボードは1995年にPC-9801用に作られたもののようです[1] [ ] 。標準品としては、このモデルの後1998年に作られた「エルゴフィットキーボード」[2] [ ] が最後のM式キーボードになるようです。『1年間で2万台の販売を見込んでおります』とありますので、今でも実際に使われているものがありそうですね。

 M式は試作品の段階ではNISSEのように扇型のデザインで作られていた[3] [ ] ものが、その『試作品に基づき,工業製品としての見地から改良を図っ』て、エルゴノミック要素は比較的強く残したまま格子状のデザインのPC-8801-KI[4] [ ] として最初に製品化されて、徐々に写真のようなエルゴノミック要素の少ないものに落ち着いていったようです。TRONキーボードもオリジナルのエルゴノミック要素満載のものは標準品としては1991年のTK-1のみで収束していて、現在はエルゴノミック要素の少なくなったμTRONキーボードの方が販売されていたりするのと流れとしては似ている感じだったのかもしれません。

 NISSEは、『一個でも一万個でもなく「二〇〇個」を作る技術を』という奥山清行さんの著書[5] [ ] に影響を受けて作ってきていることを以前書いたのですが、収束してしまったM式キーボードの最後の製品が『1年間で2万台の販売を見込んで』いたというのを見ると『「二〇〇個」を作る技術を』という言葉の意味が改めて伝わってくるようにも思います。


I tried to take a photo side by side NISSE as “Easy Keyboard” keyboard of genuine NEC-made M-type for which you are introduced from time to time as an array for Japanese input. Easy is like those made in PC-9801 for the 1995 keyboard [1] [ ] . As a standard, it was made in 1998 after this model “Ergo Fit Keyboard” [2] [ ] seems to be M-type keyboard last. We are right to be “we expect to sell 20,000 units in one year”, those that are actually used even now It seems there.

At the stage of prototype had been made in the design of the fan-shaped as NISSE [3] [ ] things, “Based on the prototype, it is working to improve from the point of view as industrial products” Te, M expression The comparison ergonomic elements it is the product initially, it seems went to calm with less ergonomic elements such as photo gradually as [4] [ ] PC-8801-KI design of grid-like leaving strongly subject. As a stream those of ergonomic elements packed original have converged only TK-1 in 1991 as a standard also TRON keyboard, towards the μTRON keyboard that became less of ergonomic elements and to them being sold now It does not may have been felt are similar.

NISSE Although I wrote earlier that it has been made to the influence book of Ken Okuyama's called “the art of making” two hundred individuals “without also one million units even one” [5] [ ] , meaning of the word “the art of making” two hundred individual “” is again Looking “expects to sell 20,000 units in one year” from that was a product of the end of the M-type keyboard you have already converged I think it also comes to.


Esrille keyboard 40445-s289x217
Esrille New keyboard

TRON Keyboard in Comics

tron keyboard anime cover 52785
TRON keyboard on Japan comics book cover. The Legend of Koizumi, Volume 15, “Senkaku Islands Bloody Battle”. by Hideki Oohwada, Kindai Mahjong Comics. (ムダヅモ無き改革 15 (近代麻雀コミックス) | 大和田 秀樹 )
《小泉麻將傳說》第15集, “血战钓鱼岛”.

Mudazumo Naki Kaikaku (ムダヅモ無き改革 Reform with No Wasted Draws, also known in English by its initial subtitle The Legend of Koizumi) is a satirical mahjong manga by Hideki Ohwada.

It was initially irregularly serialized in the Kindai Mahjong Original manga magazine published by Takeshobo, then switched to bimonthly serialization on Takeshobo's other mahjong manga magazine Kindai Mahjong in April 2009.

The premise of the manga is that international diplomacy is settled on the mahjong table, with real-life politicians depicted as masters of mahjong.

The Japanese title is a parody of Junichiro Koizumi's slogan, “Reform with No Sanctuary” (聖域無き改革 Seiiki Naki Kaikaku).

《小泉麻將傳說》(日語:ムダヅモ無き改革,英语:The Legend of Koizumi,即小泉傳奇),是日本漫畫家大和田秀樹的麻將漫畫,從2006年起不定期連載於竹書房《近代麻雀original》上,在2009年4月起改至《近代麻雀》上連載。

[2018-02-18 Mudazumo Naki Kaikaku]

Japan keyboards

Esrille keyboard 40445-s289x217
Esrille New
Japan FKB8579 661 thumb shift keyboard 45474 s335x187
Thumb-Shift, 1980
NEC keyboard pk-kb015-s289x217
NEC M-Type, 1983
TRON Keyboard Unit TK1 s1520x831
TRON, 1986
NEC PC 8801 K1 keyboard bj3qh-s333x188
NEC PC-8801-KI, 1983
nec m-type keyboard 1990 36618-s278x225
NEC M-Type, 1990
NEC M-shiki keyboard NEC PC98 1992-s333x188
NEC PC-9801, 1992
scythe ergo diver keyboard left s289x217
Scythe Ergo Diver, ~2003
utron keyboard 02
μTRON, 2007

If you have a question, put $5 at patreon and message me.