CSS: Animation

By Xah Lee. Date: . Last updated: .

Here's simple example of CSS animation.

Here's the code:

<span id="heart31507"></span>
#heart31507 {animation: beat46564 1s 0s 300}

@keyframes beat46564 {
    0% {font-size:2em;color:black}
    50% {font-size:4em;color:red}
    100% {font-size:2em;color:white}
}

The heart is just a Unicode character (U+2665: BLACK HEART SUIT)

[see Unicode Characters ∑ ♥ 😄]

[see Character Sets and Encoding in HTML]

How Does CSS Animation Work?

There are 2 parts to specify a animation.

  1. Use the animation property to specify a animation, set a name, duration, repetition count, etc.
  2. Use the @keyframes (called “at-rule”) to specify the CSS for each key frame of the animation.

「animation」 property

#heart31507 {
animation: beat46564  /* animation-name */
 1s /* animation-duration */
 0s /* animation-delay */
 30 /* animation-iteration-count */
}

The CSS property animation is a shorthand property for:

「@keyframes」 at-rule

For example, in:

@keyframes beat46564 {
    0% {font-size:14px;color:black}
    50% {font-size:30px;color:red}
    100% {font-size:14px;color:white}
}

This specifies the CSS for each key frame of the animation named “beat46564”.

The 0% {…} is the beginning of animation. The 100% {…} is the end of animation. You can have other percentages. Inside the curly brackets are normal CSS properties and values.

Browser Support

As of , CSS animation is supported by {Firefox, Google Chrome, IE10, Opera}.

CSS Effects

  1. Round Corners
  2. Box Shadow
  3. Text Shadow
  4. 2D Transform
  5. Image Rollover
  6. Background Image
  7. Transition
  8. Animation
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