Keybinding Design, Fast-Repeat Commands

By Xah Lee. Date: . Last updated: .

This page discuss one criterion on the design of keyboard shortcut system: Fast-repeat vs Non-fast-repeat Commands and Keys. This is for designing keybinding for any app that has a hundred commands, such as emacs, vi, 3D modeler, games.

Fast-repeat and Non-fast-repeat Commands

in my keyboarding research, there's a important discovery. Commands can be classified into 2 types:

Fast-repeat and Non-fast-repeat Keys

Fast-repeat Commands must have keys that can be held down. Here are some examples of fast-repeat hotkeys: F8, t, PageDown, , Ctrl+t, Ctrl+Alt+8.

Non-fast-repeat hotkeys are basically keys that involves a sequence: Ctrl+x 2, F8 F9.

So, when designing a keybinding system, one of the principle is for fast-repeat commands be on fast-repeat keys, else it's a waste. (because you only have a few precious easy-to-press key spots, yet you have hundreds commands.)

In GNU Emacs's default keybinding, there are many such wastes. For example, all Ctrl+number and Alt+number are bound to digit-argument. The digit-argument is a non-repeat command, yet it sits on 20 EASY repeatable keys. (further, digit-argument isn't a frequently needed command, with respect to all commands and the relatively few easy-key-spots.)

Another bad example is forward-pageCtrl+x ]】. forward-page is a fast-repeat command, but it doesn't have a repeating key. Imagine, if every time you need to PageDown that you have to press Ctrl+x first. You couldn't just hold it down. Another example is next-buffer with key Ctrl+x .

But remember, this “Fast-repeat and Non-fast-repeat key” is only a supporting criterion in keybinding design. It is not the most important criterion. The single most important criterion in designing a keybinding system is that most frequently used commands be mapped to the most easy-to-press keys. See: Keyboard Shortcut vs Launch Buttons .

See also: Emacs: Xah Fly Keys

back to Keybinding Design ⌨

Keybinding and Input-System

Xah Keyboard Guide