Python: GET Webpage Content

By Xah Lee. Date: . Last updated: .

Suppose you want to GET a webpage's content. The following code does it:

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# python

# example of getting a web page

from urllib import urlopen
print urlopen("http://xahlee.info/python/python_index.html").read()

Encoding URL

Sometimes in working with HTML pages, you need to create links. In URL, certain chars need to be encoded. For example, http://example.com/~xah needs to be http://example.com/%7Exah. Basically, any reserved chars ! * ' ( ) ; : @ & = + $ , / ? # [ ] when not used for special purposes such as CGI parameters, needs to be encoded by its hexadecimal. For example, ~ has hexadecimal 7e, so it needs to be encoded as %7e.

In Python, the quote function does it. unquote reverses it.

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# python

from urllib import quote
print quote("~joe's home page")
print 'http://www.google.com/search?q=' + quote("ménage à trois")

See also:

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Python by Example

  1. Python Basics
  2. Print Version String
  3. Builtin Help
  4. Quote String
  5. String Operations
  6. String Methods
  7. Format String
  8. True, False
  9. if then else
  10. for, while, Loops
  11. List Basics
  12. Loop Thru List
  13. Map Function to List
  14. List Comprehension
  15. List Methods
  16. Dictionary
  17. Loop Thru Dict
  18. Dict Methods
  19. Function
  20. Class
  21. List Modules
  22. Write a Module
  23. Unicode 🐍

Regex

  1. Regex Basics
  2. Regex Reference

Text Processing

  1. Read/Write File
  2. Traverse Directory
  3. Manipulate Path
  4. Process Unicode
  5. Convert File Encoding
  6. Find Replace in dir
  7. Find Replace by Regex
  8. Count Word Frequency

Web

  1. Send Email
  2. GET Web Page
  3. Web Crawler
  4. HTTP POST
  5. Check Page Load Size
  6. Thumbnail Generation

Misc

  1. JSON
  2. Find Script Path
  3. Get Env Var
  4. System Call
  5. Decompress Gzip
  6. Complex Numbers

Advanced

  1. Sort
  2. Copy Nested List
  3. Tuple vs List
  4. Sets, Union, Intersection
  5. Closure in Python 2
  6. Decorator
  7. Append String in Loop
  8. Timing f timeit
  9. Keyword Arg Default Value Unstable