Python: GET Webpage Content

By Xah Lee. Date: . Last updated: .

Suppose you want to GET a webpage's content. The following code does it:

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# python 2

# get a website page

from urllib import urlopen
print urlopen("https://www.google.com/").read()

# prints the html source code
# python 3

# get a website page

import urllib.request

print( urllib.request.urlopen("https://www.google.com/").read())

# prints the html source code

Encode URL

Some character in URL needs to be encoded, such as NON-ASCII character. You can use the quote function to encode them.

use unquote reverses it.

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# python 2

from urllib import quote

print urllib.quote("~joe's home page")

# prints
# %7Ejoe%27s%20home%20page

print 'http://www.google.com/search?q=' + quote("ménage à trois")
# http://www.google.com/search?q=m%C3%A9nage%20%C3%A0%20trois
# python 3

import urllib.parse

print( urllib.parse.quote("~joe's home page") )
# ~joe%27s%20home%20page

print( 'http://www.google.com/search?q=' + urllib.parse.quote("ménage à trois") )
# http://www.google.com/search?q=m%C3%A9nage%20%C3%A0%20trois

See also:

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Python

  1. Python 3 Basics
  2. Python 2 Basics
  3. Python 2 and 3 Difference
  4. Print Version
  5. Builtin Help
  6. Quote String
  7. String Methods
  8. Format String
  9. Operators
  10. Complex Numbers
  11. True, False
  12. if then else
  13. Loop
  14. List Basics
  15. Loop Thru List
  16. Map f to List
  17. Copy Nested List
  18. List Comprehension
  19. List Methods
  20. Sort
  21. Dictionary
  22. Loop Thru Dict
  23. Dict Methods
  24. Tuple
  25. Sets
  26. Function
  27. Closure
  28. 2 Closure
  29. Decorator
  30. Class
  31. Object, ID, Type
  32. List Modules
  33. Write a Module
  34. Unicode 🐍

Regex

  1. Regex Basics
  2. Regex Reference

Text Processing

  1. Read/Write File
  2. Traverse Directory
  3. File Path
  4. Process Unicode
  5. Convert File Encoding
  6. Find Replace in dir
  7. Find Replace by Regex
  8. Count Word Frequency

Web

  1. Send Email
  2. GET Web Page
  3. Web Crawler
  4. HTTP POST

Misc

  1. JSON
  2. Find Script Path
  3. Get Env Var
  4. System Call
  5. Decompress Gzip
  6. Append String in Loop
  7. Timing f timeit
  8. Keyword Arg Default Value Unstable
  9. Check Page Load Size
  10. Thumbnail Generation