Russian Keyboard Layout

By Xah Lee. Date: . Last updated: .

There are several Russian keyboard layouts.

Russian Windows Layout

The most popular, is Russian Windows layout. This is the default layout in Microsoft Windows for Russian.

Russian keyboard windows layout 78067
Russian keyboard windows layout


• Russian has 33 letters. It uses 7 more key spots than English's 26. So, punctuation characters are mostly moved to the number row, and many other symbol character are removed.

• Comma and period shares a key.

• The following characters are not available on Russian layout. To type them, you need to switch out of Russian layout.

` ~ @ # $ ^ & | [ ] { } ' < >

Russian Alphabet

Russian has 33 letters.

А а , Б б , В в , Г г , Д д , Е е , Ё ё , Ж ж , З з , И и , Й й , К к , Л л , М м , Н н , О о , П п , Р р , С с , Т т , У у , Ф ф , Х х , Ц ц , Ч ч , Ш ш , Щ щ , Ъ ъ , Ы ы , Ь ь , Э э , Ю ю , Я я

[see Unicode Cyrillic Ж]

Russian Layout Heatmap

russian layout heatmap f0502
Source text is first chapter of Crime and Punishment by Fyodor Dostoevsky, 1866.

Russian Letter Frequency

russian letter frequency 2018-08-05 qtQAD
Russian letter frequency. Source text is first chapter of Crime and Punishment by Fyodor Dostoevsky, 1866.

[see Character Frequency Counter]

Russian UKNC Keyboard

In Traditional Russian Typewriter layout, the number row has symbols swapped with numbers. To enter numbers, you need to press Shift.

The Russian Typewriter layout can be found on many Russian typewriters produced before the 1990s, and it is the default Russian keyboard layout in the OpenSolaris operating system.

UKNC russian keyboard 53114-s1476x976
Russian UKNC computer (aka Elektronika MS-0511) 2868×1896 image source

UKNC (Russian: УКНЦ) was a Soviet PDP-11-compatible educational computer, aimed at teaching school informatics courses.

UKNC stands for Educational Computer by Scientific Centre.

[2017-05-05 Wikipedia UKNC]

Russian Apple Keyboard

Apple Keyboard A1016 Russian layout
Apple Keyboard A1016 with Russian layout.
Microsoft Sculpt Comfort keyboard russian ac65b
Microsoft Sculpt Comfort keyboard with Russian layout.

[see Microsoft Sculpt Comfort Keyboard]

[see Alternative Keyboard Layouts]

See also: Russian Keyboard Layout and Programing

Russian Keyboard

  1. Russian Keyboard Layout
  2. Russian Keyboard Layout and Programing
  3. Soviet Capacitive Buckling Spring Keyboard

Keyboard Layouts

  1. qwerty heatmap  to build a fire-s365x171
    Alternative Layouts
  2. Alt Graph, Compose, Dead Key
  3. Most Efficient Layout?
  4. Maltron vs Dvorak
  5. Colemak vs Workman


  1. Dvorak Layout
  2. Hardware vs Software Dvorak
  3. Myth of QWERTY vs Dvorak
  4. Dvorak vs Colemak
  5. Blank Keycaps vs Labeled Keys
  6. List of Dvorak Keyboards
  7. Qwerty to Dvorak, A PhD thesis, 1978


  1. International Layouts
  3. German
  4. German Ergonomic
  5. French
  6. New French Layout
  7. French Ergonomic
  8. French Letter Frequency
  9. Russian
  10. Portuguese Ergonomic
  11. Chinese Input Methods
  12. Japanese Layouts

Layout Efficiency

  1. English letter frequency To Build a Fire  Jack London 50383
    Char Frequency Counter
  2. Most Efficient Layout for Numbers?
  3. Semicolon vs Apostrophe Frequency
  4. Inverted Number Row Better?

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