Russian Keyboard Layout

By Xah Lee. Date: . Last updated: .

There are several Russian keyboard layouts.

Russian Layout in Microsoft Windows

The most popular Russian keyboard layout, is the one in Microsoft Windows. This is the default layout in Microsoft Windows for Russian.

Russian layout 2022-01-07
Russian keyboard layout, from Microsoft Windows. [image source 2022-01-07]


• Russian has 33 letters. It uses 7 more key spots than English's 26. So, punctuation characters are mostly moved to the number row, and many other symbol character are removed.

• Comma and period shares a key.

• The following characters are not available on Russian layout. To type them, you need to switch out of Russian layout.

` ~ @ # $ ^ & | [ ] { } ' < >

Russian Alphabet

Russian has 33 letters.

А а , Б б , В в , Г г , Д д , Е е , Ё ё , Ж ж , З з , И и , Й й , К к , Л л , М м , Н н , О о , П п , Р р , С с , Т т , У у , Ф ф , Х х , Ц ц , Ч ч , Ш ш , Щ щ , Ъ ъ , Ы ы , Ь ь , Э э , Ю ю , Я я

[see Unicode Cyrillic Ж]

Russian Layout Heatmap

russian layout heatmap f0502
Source text is first chapter of [Crime and Punishment by Fyodor Dostoevsky, 1866.]

Russian Letter Frequency

russian letter frequency 2018-08-05 qtQAD
Russian letter frequency. Source text is first chapter of Crime and Punishment by Fyodor Dostoevsky, 1866.

[see Character Frequency Plot]

Russian UKNC Keyboard

In Traditional Russian Typewriter layout, the number row has symbols swapped with numbers. To enter numbers, you need to press Shift.

The Russian Typewriter layout can be found on many Russian typewriters produced before the 1990s, and it is the default Russian keyboard layout in the OpenSolaris operating system.

UKNC russian keyboard 53114-s1476x976
Russian UKNC computer (aka Elektronika MS-0511) 2868×1896 [ image source 2017-05-05 ]

UKNC (Russian: УКНЦ) was a Soviet PDP-11-compatible educational computer, aimed at teaching school informatics courses.

UKNC stands for Educational Computer by Scientific Centre.

[2017-05-05 Wikipedia UKNC]

Russian Apple Keyboard

Apple Keyboard A1016 Russian layout
Apple Keyboard A1016 with Russian layout.
Microsoft Sculpt Comfort keyboard russian ac65b
Microsoft Sculpt Comfort Keyboard with Russian layout.

See also: Russian Keyboard Layout and Programing

Russian Keyboard

International Layouts

Western Europe Layouts

Chinese and Japanese

Xah Keyboard Guide