German Keyboard Layout

By Xah Lee. Date: . Last updated: .

The German alphabet is the same as English, with the addition of the following:

Ä ä, Ö ö, Ü ü, ß

The ß is called Eszett (sz) or scharfes S, sharp s. Often it is equivalent to ss. The capital version of ß is , but it's basically not used.

Germany layout is a QWERTZ layout.

Germany keyboard layout
Germany layout. The red are dead keys.

[see Alt Graph Key, Compose Key, Dead Key]

Those special letters ä ö ü ß, does not occur often. Their frequency ranks near the bottom.

german letter frequency 34432
German letter frequency

[see Character Frequency Counter]

You can see that, the German layout is not very efficient.

• It is based on the inefficient QWERTY layout.

• The special characters ä ö ü ß, each has a dedicated key. It's a waste of key spots. It would be better, if the key to the right of L is a dead key for umlaut ¨

apple keyboard german layout m4k63
Apple Keyboard German Layout
German Olympia typewriter 23964
Keyboard of a mechanical typewriter, produced 1964 by Olympia Werke, Germany. The key with four dots is the margin release. The arrow key under Tab key is the backspace key, which is pointing in the direction the paper would move rather than the way a cursor would move .

Ergonomic German Layouts

German Keyboard Ergonomic Layout

Keyboard Layouts

  1. qwerty heatmap  to build a fire-s365x171
    Alternative Layouts
  2. Alt Graph, Compose, Dead Key
  3. Most Efficient Layout?
  4. Maltron vs Dvorak
  5. Colemak vs Workman

Dvorak

  1. Dvorak Layout
  2. Hardware vs Software Dvorak
  3. Myth of QWERTY vs Dvorak
  4. Dvorak vs Colemak
  5. Blank Keycaps vs Labeled Keys
  6. List of Dvorak Keyboards
  7. Qwerty to Dvorak, A PhD thesis, 1978

International

  1. International Layouts
  2. QWERTZ, AZERTY
  3. German
  4. German Ergonomic
  5. French
  6. New French Layout
  7. French Ergonomic
  8. French Letter Frequency
  9. Russian
  10. Portuguese Ergonomic
  11. chinese pinyin input 2017-07-19
    Chinese Input Methods
  12. Pinyin Letter Frequency 拼音字母頻率
  13. Japanese input method menu 39864
    Japanese Input Method

Layout Efficiency

  1. English letter frequency To Build a Fire  Jack London 50383
    Char Frequency Counter
  2. Most Efficient Layout for Numbers?
  3. Semicolon vs Apostrophe Frequency
  4. Inverted Number Row Better?

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