French Keyboard Layout

By Xah Lee. Date: . Last updated: .

There are 2 popular keyboard layouts for French language.

And there are several ergonomic layouts for French, most popular is Bépo.

French AZERTY Layout

jelly comb keyboard french azerty 11754
French AZERTY keyboard.
french keyboard layout 2017 04 30
French (AZERTY) keyboard layout. Red are a dead keys. image source

[see Alt Graph Key, Compose Key, Dead Key]


The French AZERTY Layout, is one of the most inefficient layout possible.

2017-07-19 Max P said:

Besides A,Q-swapping and placing the period on S-semicolon, the AZERTY layout is incredibly idiotic for at least its placement of accents:

① the letter ù is at QWERTY's apostrophe ' place, very convenient to hit. The problem is that this letter is used in only one word, “où” (meaning “where”), and nowhere else. At the same time, the most common accented letter - é — is at key 2. I think it's more common than many consonants, often there are several é's in one word (préférée, réélu etc.)

② But if you hit Shift+ù or Shift+é , you get % and 2, respectively, instead of uppercase letters. To type uppercase Ù, you have to press Alt Graph+7 , then Shift+u . There is no way to type uppercase É.

③ There's a dedicated dead circumflex ^ and diaeresis ¨ key to the right of p . This is a good design: circumflex can be paired with any vowel ( î ê ô û â ), yet is not very frequent; diaeresis is much less common and it's ok to put in on shifted key. Then they decided to add dead key with grave ` accent, doubling à è ù keys, and for whatever reason dead nasalization symbol the tilde ~, which is not used in French at all! But there's no dead acute accent ´ , used for the most common é letter.

Because of this design, many french people now think that uppercase letters are never written with diacritics, which is not right. That's sad.

[see Idiocy of Keyboard Layouts: QWERTZ, AZERTY]

Canadian French Layout

apple keyboard french canadian layout 33409
Apple MacBook Pro laptop keyboard, French Canadian Layout. [image source ]

[see Apple Keyboards ⌨]

Canadian French kbd
Canadian French keyboard layout. image source

The Canadian French layout is based on QWERTY layout.

Canadian French layout is much better that AZERTY French, but still not very efficient.

Dvorak-fr layout

Dvorak-fr is a ergonomic layout for French.

Dvorak-fr appeared in 2002.

  * 12345 67890 +%
  _ =/-è\ ^(`)" []

    :’ég. hvcmk z¨
    oaueb fstnd w~
  à ;q,iy xrlpj

Dvorak-fr is based on Dvorak ideas.

[see Dvorak Keyboard Layout]

Dvorak-fr has 2 other variations. “Dvorak-fr-e” for entering all euro lang characters. “Dvorak-fr-k” for the Kinesis Contoured Keyboard.

[see Kinesis Advantage2 Keyboard Review]

Dvorak-fr home page at


Bépo is a ergonomic layout for French.

bepo keyboard layout
bepo keyboard layout

Bépo has inverted number row.

Bépo is a later invention than Dvorak-fr. It claims to improve on Dvorak-fr layout, and is more well marketed.

Bépo home page at


Bvofrak is ergonomic layout for French. It's based on Dvorak-fr and Bépo.

It has several different versions for different keyboard.

bvofrak layout pc keyboard
Bvofrak layout for standard PC keyboard
bvofrak layout truly ergonomic keyboard
Bvofrak layout for Truly Ergonomic Keyboard
bvofrak layout typematrix
Bvofrak layout for TypeMatrix Keyboard

There's even a version for English.

Bvofrak home page at

French Letter Frequency

French Letter Frequency

How Do French People Type the Accents?

I asked a native French friend how French people type those accents. Here's his reply.

How do French people type accents?

most people use AZERTY's accents on the first row:

  • 2é
  • 7è
  • 9ç
  • 0à

for the rest there is ù key beside m and

  • ¨e=ë
  • ˆe=ê

Using Dvorak layout on OS X i use the associative chars [ ` ´ ¨ ˆ ˆ ]+[aoeui].

all the people i know, engineers/scientists tend to stick with AZERTY,while some geeks/coders are using QWERTY/Maltron.some authors use BEPO.


[see Maltron Keyboard Review]

[see Maltron vs Dvorak keyboard Layout]

when in online chat, do people bother to type é è à etc properly? or do they just use e a?

Depends on the person but most of the time they type the accents, even when it's not really useful like: 'télé'(TV)

it seems awful to type all those accents. Is there some auto-add-accent in word processor or such?

I'm amazed how French are not annoyed by having to always go upthere. In word proccessors yes auto-correct takes care of invariable accents.

Keyboard Layouts

  1. Alternative Keyboard Layouts
  2. Dvorak Keyboard Layout
  3. Alt Graph Key, Compose Key, Dead Key
  4. International Keyboard Layouts
  5. Idiocy of Keyboard Layouts: QWERTZ, AZERTY
  6. German Keyboard Layout
  7. French Keyboard Layout
  8. French Letter Frequency
  9. Russian Keyboard Layout
  10. Chinese Input Methods
  11. Japanese Keyboard Layouts
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