International Keyboard Layouts

By Xah Lee. Date: . Last updated: .

here's a introduction of keyboard layouts used around the world.

For latin-alphabet based languages, basically you have 3 major types:

Each of the above has minor variations, to allow you to input special characters such as é

keyboard layouts map europe 2022-01-11
keyboard layouts map europe 2022-01-11

For non-latin alphabet languages, in general, the most popular input system or keyboard layout is one based on QWERTY with a input system on top. This is for for Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Russian.

Layouts for English and European Languages

Canadian_Multilingual_Standard_kbd
Canadian Multilingual Layout
german_layout_S4Qk
German Keyboard Layouts
French_AZERTY_Layout_N5Pqf
French Keyboard Layouts
french layout NF Z71-300 82mq-s250
New French Keyboard Layout
Latin American Spanish layout ZRnH
Spanish Keyboard Layouts
norway_keyboard_section_sign_2021_jonas-s250
norway layout

Russian_layout_2022-01-07
Russian Keyboard Layout

taiwan_keyboard_layout_kc7rt
Chinese Input Methods
jp_layout_icon_3rmg5
Japanese Keyboard Layouts

Portuguese

Portuguese Brazil keyboard layout
“Portuguese Brazil”

US-International

US-International kbd
US-International [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:KB_US-International.svg ]

Finnish Multilingual

Finnish Multilingual layout VMft
Finnish Multilingual [image source 2022-01-06 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:KB_Finnish_Multilingual.svg]

Dutch

Dutch keyboard layout
Dutch layout

Belgian

Belgian keyboard layout
Belgian layout

Czech

Czech layout
Czech layout

Danish

Danish kbd
Danish layout

Estonian

Estonian keyboard layout
Estonian layout

Iceland

Iceland layout
Iceland layout

Italian

Italian keyboard layout
Italian layout

Ireland

Ireland keyboard layout
Ireland layout

UK Dvorak

United Kingdom keyboard layout
United Kingdom layout

Mac Keyboard Viewer

Mac Keyboard Viewer

Keyboard Layouts

Dvorak

International

Layout Efficiency