Pure CSS Table

By Xah Lee. Date: . Last updated: .

CSS can emulate the <table> tag. So, traditional layout using the table tag can be done with pure CSS.

Here's a example of CSS table rendered in your browser:


Here's the HTML code:

<div class="a">
  <div class="b">
    <div class="c1">one</div>
    <div class="c2">two</div>
  <div class="b">
    <div class="c1">three</div>
    <div class="c2">four</div>
  <div class="b">
    <div class="c1">five</div>
    <div class="c2">six</div>

Here's the CSS code:

.a, .b, .c1, .c2 {border:solid thin red}
.a {display:table}
.b {display:table-row}
.c1, .c2 {display:table-cell}

CSS Attributes for Table Layout

Here's a full list of values for the display attribute to emulate table tags.

Basic HTML Table “display” values
display:tableHTML table
display:table-rowtr (row)
display:table-celltd (table cell)
caption, header, footer, “display” values
display:table-header-groupthead (table header row; th group)
display:table-footer-grouptfoot (table footer row)

[see HTML Table, thead, tbody, tfoot]

column, row, group “display” values

[see HTML Table, colgroup, col]

CSS Basics

  1. Basics
  2. Tag Matching Tutorial
  3. Selector Syntax
  4. Units


  1. Color Syntax
  2. Color Names
  3. Opacity
  4. Linear Gradient
  5. Radial Gradient


  1. font-family
  2. Standard Web Fonts
  3. font-size
  4. Meaning of Font Size
  5. Font Weight
  6. Chinese Font Names

Box Model

  1. Border
  2. Outline
  3. Margin vs Padding
  4. Box Sizing


  1. Layout Tutorial
  2. Display Property
  3. Position: static, relative, fixed, absolute
  4. Pure CSS Table
  5. Tabbed Menu
  6. 3 Columns Page Layout
  7. Multi-Column Layout for Text Flow
  8. Fix Element to Window
  9. Centering
  10. Flowing List
  11. z-index
  12. Text Over Image
  13. Text Flow Around Image
  14. OverFlow, Scrollbar


  1. 2D Transform
  2. Transition
  3. Animation

Line Wrap, Justification

  1. Line Wrap
  2. Text Alignment, Justification
  3. Match first-letter and first-line
  4. “:before”, “:after”
  5. Text Decoration: Underline, Overline, Line-Through
  6. Letter Spacing, Word Spacing

Box Decoration

  1. Box Shadow
  2. Text Shadow
  3. Round Corners
  4. Background Image
  5. Image Rollover


  1. Computed Style
  2. Pseudo Class vs Pseudo Element
  3. Media Query
  4. Variable
  5. calc
  6. Reset
  7. user-select
  8. Data URI Scheme
  9. protocol-relative URL
  10. Default Unit
  11. Declaring Character Set in CSS File
  12. Jargons Explained: Tag, Element, Node, Object, Attribute, Property, Method
  13. Display Table on Small Screen
  14. Fixed Aspect Ratio
  15. Add Icon to Links
  16. Progress Bar Example

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