Unicode IPA æ
International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is a phonetic (pronunciation) notation designed for all human languages.
American Phonetic Symbols
|ɑː||ä||ä||dark, heart, park, car, hark, father|
|ɑ||ŏ||'ä||dot, pot, hot, pop, bob, body|
|æ||a||a||dad, bad, at, bat, pal, pat, add, cat, fat|
|ɛ||ĕ||e||bet, pepper, desk,fetch, neck|
|eɪ||ā||ā||ray, A, H, eight, take, date, bake, pain|
|ɪ||ĭ||'i||it, dig, pig, drink|
|iː||ē||ē||eat, pee, see, heat, beat|
|o||ō||ō||pole, dole, dough, oh|
|ɔː||ô||ȯ||walk, talk, saw, Paul|
|ɝ||û||ə||work, were, bird, dirt, nurse, stir, courage|
|ᴧ||ŭ||ə||but, butt, bud|
|ʊ||o͝o||u̇||took, book, look, hook, cook, hood, foot, good, put|
|u||o͞o||ü||two, spook, shoot, hoot,goose, influence,|
|aɪ||ī||ī||die, kite, like, light, I, high, try|
- AHD = American Heritage Dictionary, 3rd edition (1992), software version 4.0 (1995).
- MW = Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, software version 2.5 (2000)
IPA is used by Oxford dictionaries and basically all dictionaries around the world, except American. American dictionaries each cook up a idiosyncratic scheme. The Longman dictionary of American English uses IPA, a exception to the rule.