Lisp Machine Keyboards

By Xah Lee. Date: . Last updated: .

To understand the history of lisp machine keyboards, you must know some history of lisp machines.

Lisp Machines are computers (hardware) designed to run lisp programing language efficiently.

Lisp Machine pretty much stopped in 1990, due to the beginning of Personal Computer that are cheaper and faster, and “AI Winter” (industry's failed expectation of AI research).

2021-07-18 Wikipedia Lisp machine

SAIL Keyboard (year 1970)

SAIL keyboard b1c80-s306x204
SAIL Keyboard

The Knight Keyboard (year ~1974)

lisp knight keyboard-s339x184
Knight Keyboard

CADR (Space Cadet) keyboard (year ~1980)

lmi-cadr keyboard 1st gen space cadget 31997-s289x217
Lisp Machine LMI-CADR keyboard

Space Cadet Keyboard (year ~1980)

Space-Cadet keyboard 2-s392x159
Space-Cadet, 1980

Xerox 1108/1109 lisp keyboard (year ~1982)

xerox_1108_keyboard_B8vd7-s250
Xerox 1108/1109 Lisp Keyboard

Symbolics Keyboard PN 364000 (year ~1983)

This model is used with Symbolics 3600 machines. Year 1983.

symbolics keyboard pn364000 mrq3w-s349x179
Symbolics Keyboard PN 364000

Symbolics keyboard PN 365407 (year ~1985)

This model comes after the PN 364000, and is compatible to it. This is used in Symbolics 36xx series, perhaps around 1985.

Symbolics keyboard PN 365407 130df-s349x179
Symbolics keyboard PN 365407

Racal-Norsk KPS-10 Lisp Prototype Keyboard (year ~1984)

Racal-Norsk KPS-10 keyboard 1-s303x206
Racal-Norsk KPS-10 Lisp Prototype Keyboard

Lisp Machine Keyboard USB Driver

2018-07-12 by Mike McMahon (aka MMcM) https://github.com/MMcM/lmkbd2#space-cadet-direct

Lisp Machine Keyboards

SAIL keyboard b1c80-s306x204
SAIL
lisp knight keyboard-s339x184
Knight
lmi-cadr keyboard 1st gen space cadget 31997-s289x217
LMI-CADR
Space-Cadet keyboard 2-s392x159
Space-Cadet
xerox_1108_keyboard_B8vd7-s250
Xerox 1108/1109
symbolics keyboard pn364000 mrq3w-s349x179
Symbolics PN 364000
Symbolics keyboard PN 365407 130df-s349x179
Symbolics PN 365407
Racal-Norsk KPS-10 keyboard 1-s303x206
Racal-Norsk KPS-10
lispm_keyboard_Dn7GN-s250
LISPM
Lisp Machine Keyboards
Keyboard Design for the LISP Machine
History of Emacs and vi Keys