Linux: tmux Tutorial

By Xah Lee. Date: . Last updated: .

tmux is essential if you work with remote Linux servers.

Suppose you are in a coffee-shop. Then, got a emergency call to fix server. You ssh in and start to work on it. After 1 hour, the coffee-shop is closing and you have to leave. If you close your laptop, you'll be disconnected. But, if you are using tmux, you can just press【Ctrl+b d】 to “detach” your session. Then, when you get on internet again, you can resume by tmux a (“a” means “attach”).

there's also GNU screen for the same purpose, but tmux is better.

to install, sudo apt-get install tmux

using tmux

start it by tmux. Then, you can just use it like a normal terminal.

tmux 2014
tmux

from there, you can ssh to remote server.

tmux runs as a middle-man between your terminal input and output. Your keystrokes are sent to your terminal app, then to tmux (client), then to tmux (server, running locally), then the tmux server sends it to whatever the terminal is connected to, your shell or remote server.

to detach session, press 【Ctrl+b d】. Or, in another terminal, type tmux detach.

to resume (attach), type tmux a in a terminal.

while in tmux, to scroll back previous screen, type 【Ctrl+b [】 to enter the “copy mode”, then you can use arrow keys or page up/down keys. Type 【q】 to exit “copy mode”.

That's the basics.

for detail, type man tmux

Linux Shell Basics

  1. Get System Info
  2. Shell Basics
  3. grep, cat, awk, uniq
  4. sort
  5. find, xargs
  6. diff Files/Dir
  7. dir size: du
  8. dir tree
  9. tar gzip bzip2 xz 7zip rar zip
  10. wget, curl, GET, HEAD
  11. rsync
  12. Install Packages

Sys Admin

  1. Job Control
  2. ps
  3. top
  4. htop
  5. RAM stat
  6. Users and Groups
  7. File Permission
  8. Opened Files: lsof
  9. shutdown, sleep

Bash/Terminal

  1. Bash Keys, Terminal Keys, Man Page Keys
  2. Bash Prompt Setup
  3. Bash Color Prompt
  4. .bashrc, .profile, .bash_profile
  5. Virtual Console
  6. Terminal Control Sequence Keys
  7. Reset Terminal
  8. tmux
  9. man page
  10. Bash Manual in Chapters
  11. BASH Shell Misc Tips
  12. Log Terminal Session

Linux Desktop

  1. Most Useful GUI Apps
  2. Set Default App
  3. Shell Commands for GUI Apps
  4. Image Viewers
  5. Music Players
  6. Move File to Trash by Command
  7. X11 Selection and Clipboard
  8. How to Switch to LXDE, Xfce
  9. LXDE Keyboard Shortcuts
  10. LXDE/Openbox, Change Keyboard Shortcuts
  11. LXDE Set Key Repeat Rate
  12. LXDE/OpenBox, Disable Mouse Scroll Wheel Hide Window
  13. Xfce Keyboard Shortcuts
  14. Xfce Good Themes
  15. xmonad Keybinding
  16. How to Restart X11
  17. Why Tiling Window Manager Sucks
  18. Standard Fonts
  19. How to Install Font

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