JS: var Declaration πŸ‘Ž

By Xah Lee. Date: . Last updated: .

var deprecated

πŸ’‘ TIP: The use of var is deprecated since JS2015 , due to its name hoisting complexity and name scope complexity [see var Name Scope] , you should never use var. Use let Declaration instead.

Var Declaration

var name;

declare a variable.

// declare variable
var x;
var y;
var name1, name2, etc;

declare multiple variables.

// declare multiple variables
var a, b, c;
var name = val;

declare and assign.

var name1 = val1, name2 = val2, etc;

declare and assign multiple variables

// declare variable and assign
var x = 4;
// declare variable and assign multiple variables
var a = 1, b = 2, c = 3;
var name_or_assign_1, name_or_assign_2, etc;

declare variables, some with assignment.

// declare multiple variables, some with value
var a, b = 2, c;

// all true
console.log(a === undefined);
console.log(b === 2);
console.log(c === undefined);

var with no value

When a variable is declared but not assigned, the default value is undefined

var x;
console.log(x === undefined);
// true

When a variable is not declared nor assigned, and you try to access it, you get ReferenceError.

var x;
console.log(x === undefined); // true

// ReferenceError: y is not defined

Same var declared multiple times

It is harmless if you declared a variable redundantly multiple times.

var x;
console.log(x === undefined);
var x;
console.log(x === undefined);

var y = 3;
console.log(y === 3);
var y;
console.log(y === 3);

Variable Assignment

Variable assignment returns a value.

// variable assignment returns a value
var xx;
console.log((xx = 3) === 3);

So, variable assignment can be chained.

var xx;
var yy;
console.log((xx = yy = 3) === 3);
console.log(xx === 3);
console.log(yy === 3);

JavaScript, keyword var

JavaScript, variable

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