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# Trisectrix of Maclaurin

## History

Differential Equations, Mechanics, and Computation

This is a curve Colin Maclaurin (1698 〜 1746) used to trisect a angle.

## Formulas

The following formula has asymtote at x=1 and loop point at origin:

Polar: r==Sec[t] - 4 Cos[t], -π/2 < t < π/2.

Parametric: (1-4 Cos[t]^2)*{1, Tan[t]}, -π/2 < t < π/2. triOfMaclaurin.gcf

Parametric: {(-3 + t^2)/(1 + t^2), (t*(-3 + t^2))/(1 + t^2)}, -∞ < t < ∞.

Cartesian: y^2 (1-x) == x^2 (x + 3)

Polar: r==Sec[t/3], -3/2 π < t < 3/2 π. (vertex at {1,0}, double point at {-2,0}) triOfMaclaurin_polar.gcf

## Properties

### Relation to Parabola

It is the pedal of parabola with repect to its focus reflect by the directrix.

### Trisecting a Angle

Suppose we have a trisectrix with node at the origin and vertex at point {-3,0}, and let P be any point on the loop of the curve. angle[{-3,0},{-2,0},P] == 3*angle[{-2,0},{0,0},P].